This will be a model employed by many universities that are british publishers.

This will be a model employed by many universities that are british publishers.

Example 1: Using Quotations

The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, shows how quotations may be used. Because the paper quotes from the novel extensively, page numbers are located in the main body associated with text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have already been provided in a footnote to the quotation that is first. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, inside the main body regarding the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, accocunts for an paragraph that is indented. Observe that even though the writing by the author of the paper is coupled with quotations through the novel and sources that are secondary sentences continue to be grammatically correct and coherent.

Jean Brodie is convinced of the rightness of her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: ‘Give me a lady at an impressionable age, and she actually is mine for a lifetime’. 1 This is Miss Brodie’s adoption of the Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the little one for God, she moulds the child on her own ends. ‘you are mine,’ she says, ‘. of my cut and stamp . ‘ (129). When Sandy, her most perceptive pupil, sees the ‘Brodie set’ ‘as a body with Miss Brodie when it comes to head’ (36), there is certainly, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel utilizing the Church as the body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie’s rival, and this is demonstrated in a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and it is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie’s influence and chooses to go on the side that is modern the high school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference for the Classical. Eunice will not continue her role once the group’s jester, or to opt for them to your ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on her religious convictions:

All of that term she tried to inspire Eunice in order to become at the very least a pioneer missionary in a few deadly and zone that is dangerous of earth, because of it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that some of her girls should grow up not largely specialized in some vocation. ‘You certainly will end up being a woman Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine’, she said warningly to Eunice, who was in reality secretly drawn to this idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81)

Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a ‘great lover’ (146), along with her tutor audaciously absolves her from the sins this will entail: ‘she is above the code that is moral it generally does not connect with her’ (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls’ judgement of Miss Brodie’s actions.

The aforementioned passage is www.123helpme.biz extracted from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7.

Example 2: Laying out a bibliography

The bibliography will often range from the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay, even when you yourself have not referred to or quoted from their website directly. The order is alphabetical and determined by the authors’ names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined, whilst article titles can be found in inverted commas. When referring to books you ought to include the author’s name, host to publication, the publisher, and the date as soon as the written book was published. The number and/or volume number, the date of publication and the page numbers to reference the source of an article from a journal include the name of the journal. There are several styles for installation of a bibliography, however the elements that are same in each, and you needs to be consistent. Consult the handbooks can be found into the libraries for further details.

This is certainly a model employed by many universities that are british publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete, Television as well as the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995)
Dubois, Ellen, ‘Antipodean Feminism’, New Left Review, no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33
Fussel, Paul, the fantastic War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)
Gledhill, Christine, ‘Melodrama’, in The Cinema Book, ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84
Lodge, David, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘ in David Lodge, The Novelist during the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44
Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993)

This is the model recommended by the present day Languages Association (MLA) and it is employed by most American universities and publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete. Television therefore the Public Sphere. London: Sage Publishers, 1995.
Dubois, Ellen. “Antipodean Feminism.” New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33
Fussel, Paul. The fantastic War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Gledhill, Christine. “Melodrama” in The Cinema Book. Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84
Lodge, David. “The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” in David Lodge The Novelist at the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44
Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993.

The information that is essential by each model is given in the same order, however they differ in the manner that the details are presented. Whichever model you choose or are instructed to use ensure that you stay consistent to it.

Consult reference works well with further advice. These books are on the open shelves:
· John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, How to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992)
· Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)

1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All references that are further for this edition and given when you look at the text.

2 David Lodge, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘, in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.